Our Top Tours for wildlife include Sukau Rainforest Lodge, Malaysia’s only National Geographic Unique Lodge of the World, the luxurious Borneo Rainforest Lodge in misty Danum Valley, Selingan Island, and Tabin Wildlife Sanctuary. Størstedelen, rundt 73 %, høyrer til Indonesia og heiter Kalimantan. Along the northwest coast and northern tip lie Sarawak and Sabah, two constituent states of Malaysia that are often collectively called East Malaysia, and between them is the Islamic sultanate of Brunei. Area (including adjacent islands), about 292,000 square miles (755,000 square km). A young orangutan in the tropical forest of northern Borneo, Sabah, East Malaysia. The entire coastline has peat swamp forests on infertile soil. The highest population densities are in South Kalimantan and in eastern, western, and northern coastal areas. Located southeast of the Malay Peninsula and southwest of the Philippines, Borneo is primarily mountainous, with dense areas of rain forest. Øya er verdens tredje største (etter Grønland og Ny-Guinea), og har et areal på 743 330 km². Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The main rivers of Kalimantan are the Kapuas in the west and the Mahakam in the east. ボルネオ島の旅行ガイドならトリップアドバイザー。ボルネオ島のホテル・観光名所・グルメに関する39,832件の口コミやユーザーが投稿した写真を利用して、最高の旅行プランを計画して下さい。 Øya er den tredje største i verda, etter Grønland og Ny-Guinea, og har eit flatemål på 745 560 km². Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Borneo has an extensive cave system that hosts millions of bats and cockroaches as well as guano of up to 330 feet thick. Borneo is largely covered in dense rainforest, and both the floral and the faunal populations of the island are extremely varied. Detailed, interactive and static maps of Borneo and satellite images for Borneo. Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque at dusk, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei. The island of Borneo is divided among Malaysia, Indonesia, and the small, independent nation of Brunei. Borneo er ei øy i Søraustasia, og den største av dei store Sundaøyane. More trees are also brought down to pave way for plantations of palm oil and other crops while forest fires have also done significant damages to the cover. Borneo’s rainforest is one of the oldest in the world, approximately 140 million years, and host many endemic flora and fauna species like the Dayak fruit bat and the Borneo elephant. There are oil fields at Tanjung Balikpapan, in Brunei, and at more than a dozen other sites on the continental shelf off the north shore of the island. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Brunei's population was … A long series of mountain ranges extend southwest across the island from Mount Kinabalu in the far northeast, which, at an elevation of 13,455 feet (4,101 metres), is the island’s greatest height and is also the tallest peak in Malaysia. Pop. Why Borneo You Say? Borneo’s climate is equatorial—hot and humid with a fairly distinct division into two seasons, consisting of a wet monsoonal period (landas) between October and March and a relatively drier, calmer period of summer (tedoh) for the rest of the year. The highest peak in Borneo, Mt. It is part of the Indonesian archipelago. Borneo experiences an equatorial climate and therefore is generally hot and humid all year round. Borneo lies astride the Equator. Floating market in Kalimantan, Indonesia, southern Borneo. News and analysis on Borneo current events. Updates? Borneo is home to more than 15,000 species of flowering plants, 3,000 tree species, 440 fish species, 420 bird species, and over 220 species of land mammals. https://www.britannica.com/place/Borneo-island-Pacific-Ocean, Borneo - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Canoe transportation on a river in Sarawak, East Malaysia, on Borneo. Rubber is grown on small native plantations. Borneo covers a total 287,000 square miles, and is largely mountainous (the highest peak on Mount Kinabalu is 13,435 feet above sea level) with some lowlands especially in Central Kalimantan and Sarawak. For a region that highly depends on logging to drive the economy, different endemic species like the Bornean orangutan and endangered species like the Bornean clouded leopard and the pygmy elephants face a constant threat of extinction. The Kapuas Hulu Mountains branch westward from the central core along the border between Sarawak and West Kalimantan, and a separate and discontinuous series of ranges parallel the east and southeast coasts in East and South Kalimantan. Most of the rivers are navigable with the Kapuas River system being the longest covering 620 miles followed by the Mahakam River (570 miles), the Rajang (565 miles), the Barito (560 miles), and the Kinabatangan (350 miles) as well as one of the longest underground rivers inside the Clearwater Cave. Borneo is poor in commercial mineral resources. We are part of the Travelagents.com Network and one of over 50 Online City Guides - offering the best online travel deals from a choice of well known providers. Borneo is een eiland in Zuidoost-Azië. The island of Borneo is on the equator in the South China Sea. Indonesians call the island Kalimantan while in Malay, it is Pulau Borneo. Borneo island is surrounded by South China Sea, Makassar Strait, Celebes Sea, Sulu Sea, and the Java Sea. Borneon eteläosat kuuluvat Indonesialle, pohjoisosat Malesialle ja Bruneille. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Borneo, also called as Kalimantan, is one of the largest islands of the world. The Indonesian part of Borneo, known as Kalimantan, covers about 73 percent of the island, while Malaysian Borneo occupies the rest along the northern edge, along with tiny Brunei. The main river of East Malaysia is the Rajang in Sarawak. Borneo er delt mellom tre stater. Welcome to Borneo.com! (2015) five provinces of Kalimantan (including adjacent islands), 15,320,017; (2010) Sabah and Sarawak, 5,677,882; (2014 est.) The island doesn’t entirely belonging to any one nation, but is divided between three … Numerous species of flora and fauna thrive in the vast habitat. It also has coasts on the Java Sea, the Celebes Sea and Makasar Strait.Part of Borneo (Sabah and Sarawak) belongs to … Borneo is situated southeast of the Malay Peninsula in the Greater Sunda Islands group of the Malay Archipelago. Din punct vedere politic insula este împărțită între statele Indonezia, Malaezia și Brunei, partea de nord sunt provinciile ce aparțin de Brunei și Malaezia, iar partea cea mai mare „Kalimantan” aparține Indoneziei. Wildlife and Nature The island of Borneo is home to many unique and endangered species, such as the orang utan, proboscis monkey, the Borneo Rhino, the Pygmy Elephant, as well as the Green and Hawsbill Turtle. Geograficky je súčasťou juhovýchodnej Ázie. The island is roughly centered just north of the Indonesian archipelago. The population, of which more than two-thirds is in Indonesian territory, is varied. From the sky, Brunei's Temburong District looks like all of Borneo once did: an unbroken carpet of primary rainforest unblemished by roads, buildings or logging gashes. As part of the Malay Archipelago, this island is the largest island in Asia and third largest island in the world after Greenland and New Guinea. Newer markets are for the seeds of the shorea tree and for chicle. The island is largely mountainous, although there are extensive lowlands, especially in Central Kalimantan and Sarawak, that are often swampy along the coasts. Borneo is surrounded by the Java Sea to its south, the Celebes Sea on its east, and the South China Sea to its north. Borneo (Community) is located in Nova Scotia (NS) in Canada. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. People also believe the Arowana has supernatural powers, or that it symbolises wealth and refinement, like a piece of art. In detail, the Java Sea and Karimata Strait borders Borneo in the south and, were it not for the deep waters separating the island from Sulawesi, the two would have had a land connection. Bauxite has been developed near Cape Datu in the southwest since the late 1950s, and coal has been mined in the southwest. Major cities include Samarinda, Banjarmasin, Kuching, and Balikpapan. Experimental plantings of coffee, cocoa, and hemp have been made. The Arowana is thought to bring luck, wealth, prosperity and strength – all positive feng shui. Borneo (-slovenský normovaný názov) alebo Kalimantan je tretí najväčší ostrov na svete nachádzajúci sa v strede malajského súostrovia. Jeho územie patrí krajinám Indonézia, Malajzia a Brunej a jeho celková rozloha je 743 330 km². For scale, Borneo is roughly the size of France or Texas. Borneon pinta-ala on 743 330 km². It includes non-Muslim Dayaks, Islamic Malays, Chinese, and a small minority of Europeans. What is the world’s largest archipelago? Se sijaitsee Kaakkois-Aasiassa, Malaijien saaristossa Tyynenmeren äärimmäisessä lounaisosassa. Ho har over 18 millionar innbyggjarar. Karimata Strait is to the south while to the west is Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. Borneo is the third-largest island in the world (after Greenland and New Guinea), and is located south of Hong Kong, east of Singapore, and north of western Australia. About islands across the globe it includes non-Muslim Dayaks, Islamic Malays, Chinese, and rubber Indonézia, a! Ei øy i Sørøst-Asia 288,869 square miles ( 748,168 square kilometers ) and,! 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