However, an unusually small value can also affect the mean. The Mean, the Median and the Mode are the most common measures of central tendency, used to describe the center of a distribution. The median and mode values, which express other measures of central tendency, are largely unaffected by an outlier. “Mean, median, and mode are different measures of center in numerical data”. It is also good when the data are somewhat skewed. (For example, one of your classmates may have over 1000 Facebook "Friends"!!) Which is Best — the Mean, Median, or Mode? So, on average the performance went DOWN. Mode- the value that shows up the most. Definition 1: outlier An outlier is a value in the data set that is not typical of the rest of the set.It is usually a value that is much greater or much less than all the other values in the data set. These three measures are easy to understand and to use in comparing data sets. When you want to compare data, display it on a bar graph. Find the median of the data set. The mean will increase. That is, outliers are values unusually far from the middle. Judging associations. Not the coach's fault at all. Take the mean of 2 and 6 or, (2+6)/2 = 4. And this will always be true. An outlier is a piece ofdata that is significantly far away from the other data values. Test. A data point that is 1.5 x (IQR) units above Q3 or 1.5 x (IQR) units below QI is considered an outlier. In most cases, outliers have influence on mean , but not on the median , or mode . You need to think "why is that value over there? PLAY. Who can tell me what the median of a set of data is and how to find it? Say: We have looked at what happened to the mean, median, and mode when outliers or new data were added or removed. Write. Median and mode are two other types of averages. Range provides provides context for the mean, median and mode. The mean, median, mode, range, and IQR are all doubled when we double the values in the data set. Outliers are data points that don’t fit the pattern of rest of the numbers. The three main measures of central tendency are the mean, median, and mode. Outlier Mean Median Mode Range Effect: With Outlier . Because all values are used in the calculation of the mean, an outlier can have a dramatic effect on the mean by pulling the mean away from the majority of the values. Median- the middle number in a set of ordered values, might be the mean of 2 middle values. Median. An outlier is a value that is very different from the other data in your data set. Consider the case of a suburb having 9 similar eateries. The mean, median and mode are all equal; the central tendency of this data set is 8. For example, let's say we have a set of following scores: 8, 20, 1, 3, 1, 12, 5, 1, 6.If we put them in order we get 1, 1, 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 12, 20.Thus, the median is the fifth score (since there are 9 of them), which is 5. median. The Mean . Then, I will provide my students with the following data set so that they can practice finding the mean, median, mode, range, and outlier. The mean will increase. PLAY. A simple way to find an outlier is to examine the numbers in the data set. You can also try the Geometric Mean and Harmonic Mean. Because the outliers in the right tail only slightly affect the median, it will be positioned somewhere in the middle of the mean and the mode. The outliers are also defined and discussed and their effects on the mean, median and mode discussed through examples with their solutions. I would argue that the trimmed mean should be used more often, and the median less often. The mean median and mode are all the same value on a normal bell-shaped distribution. No, median doesn't change. * Cannot be graphically inspected/found. So the median will decrease if the outlier is eliminated. Thank you very much for it though it helepd with median, mode, and mean! Practically all sets of data can be described by the 5 number summary. Yep, that's exactly what we're talking about. And the median will stay the same. the number in the middle. The mean, median, mode, range, and outlier(s) give you additional information about a set of data (set of numbers). Median and mode are two other types of averages. We find out that Sam was feeling sick that day. When we collect data, sometimes there are values that are "far away" from the main group of data ... what do we do with them? They also stayed around where most of the data is. No, median doesn't change. WITHOUT the outlier would be 22-13=9 Differences in heights . Hint: calculate the median and mode when you have outliers. • In the normal distribution, all three, mean, mode and median … Assume that a lunch for a person costs - say 60, 50, 70, 90, 80, 100, 80, 120, 110 rupees. And so the mean is going to go up. Match. Even if you think you know them quite well, we assure you that 90% of professionals don’t use them correctly. • In the normal distribution, all three, mean, mode and median … A double bar graph can be used to compare two sets of data, usually about the same topic. Students should say that the median is the middle number or the average of the two middle numbers. Outliers are extreme values that differ from most values in the data set. In the previous example, Bill Gates had an unusually large income, which caused the mean to be misleading. The median is 10 and the mean … If the value is a true outlier, you may choose to remove it if it will have a significant impact on your overall analysis. When you have a symmetrical distribution for continuous data, the mean, median, and mode are equal. All right, so this says both increase. An outlier is a score which is considerably different from the rest of the data. Because all values are used in the calculation of the mean, an outlier can have a dramatic effect on the mean by pulling the mean away from the majority of the values. Median - Write all the scores from smallest to largest and then choose the score in the middle. Meaningful differences. A median, however, is the average amount in a set of data, and in that case an outlier would affect the data, because it would cause the results to be significantly higher or lower than the average if it was all the numbers except the outlier. Out of the three, the mean is the most commonly used one, but the median and mode are also widely used. They are the extremely high or extremely low values in the data set. Write. Spell. Range- positive difference between largest and smallest. The middle blue line is median and the blue lines that enclose the blue region are Q1-1.5*IQR and Q3+1.5*IQR.Unlike mean and std, the blue region created by median and IQR seems to … Therefore, we can estimate that they all have the same value. The mean, median, and mode are all approximately in the center of a normal, bell-shaped distribution. The mode and median didn't change very much. The word mean, which is a homonym for multiple other words in the English language, is similarly ambiguous even in the area of mathematics. The mean is the most common measure of central tendency used by researchers and people in all kinds of professions. One side has a more spread out and longer tail with fewer scores at one end than the other. Median. Today we are going to extend that. Let’s see what happens to … Test. The median is the middle of a set of scores when they are organised from the smallest to the largest. Examples of box plots. Therefore, the order on the horizontal axis of the three values are mode, median, and mean. The mean, median and mode are statistical measures of central tendencies that in a well distributed data tends to summarize a whole data set with a single value. No, that's not right. In skewed distributions, more values fall on one side of the center than the other, and the mean, median and mode all differ from each other. The mean will increase. Lærd Statistics explains that the mean is the single measurement most influenced by the presence of outliers because its result utilizes every value in the data set. We saw how outliers affect the mean, but what about the median or mode? Created by. In skewed distributions, more values fall on one side of the center than the other, and the mean, median and mode all differ from each other. Outlier Mean Median Mode Range Effect: With Outlier . Mean- add up all values divide by how many values there are. Match. ⇒ Median = \( \left( \frac {7+1}{2} \right)^{th} \) observation = 52. iii) Mode is the most frequent data which is 52. However, if you have a skewed distribution, the median is often the best measure of central tendency. If the distribution is positive skewed, the mode lies left to the median and, if negatively skewed, the mode lies right to the median. So it seems that outliers have the biggest effect on the mean, and not so much on the median or mode. "Outliers" are values that "lie outside" the other values. The median is found by listing the numbers in numerical order before identifying the middle number in the group. The middle blue line is median and the blue lines that enclose the blue region are Q1-1.5*IQR and Q3+1.5*IQR.Unlike mean and std, the blue region created by median and IQR seems to … Median . Identifying outliers. The purpose of analyzing a set of numerical data is to define accurate measures of central tendency, also called measures of central location. Can we just get rid of values we don't like? So median, no change, and mean, increase. Fact Check: Is the COVID-19 Vaccine Safe? Deviation .70711 Variance .500. Mean, median and mode. So it seems that outliers have the biggest effect on the mean, and not so much on the median or mode. • MODE- If there is an outlier AND about ½ or more of the data is the same • 3, 4, 4, 4, 4, 17 »NO MEAN! Without the Outlier With the Outlier mean median mode 59.75 56.2 59.5 58 no mode no mode Try This: Example 2 Continued. Play this game to review Other. STUDY. Augustus can now jump 0.15m further, June and Carol can jump 0.06m further. To find the mean of a set of numbers : 1. Range; there are no outliers C. Mode; the data . Outliers. The median will increase. Yep. You don't have to divide or add anything because this is an odd set of data and it actually has a middle. The double bar graph below shows the favorite sports of third and fourth graders. kayla_504. Some days there is no rain, other days there can be a downpour, Athletes can perform better or worse on different days. A measure of central tendency is a single value that tries to describe numerical data by identifying the central position of that data. 1) 15, 19, 12, 15, 2, 18, 17, 15, 2, 14 Here’s how you can use IQR to find outliers: Compute the interquartile range for the data set; Multiply … Which is Best — the Mean, Median, or Mode? mean. Math. One side has a more spread out and longer tail with fewer scores at one end than the other. The median is the average of the two furthest outliers. Spell. An outlier can affect the mean by being unusually small or unusually large. Belief in the media. Terms in this set (6) measures of central tendency. If the outlier turns out to be a result of a data entry error, you may decide to assign a new value to it such as the mean or the median of the dataset. The mode and median didn't change very much. Difficulties with informal inference. these flash cards allow you to practice your math skills with mean, median, mode,range and outliers!! Gravity. The trimmed mean is the best measure of central tendency when the data have a few outliers, and those outliers are not important for your hypothesis, or will distort your research. He writes about dataviz, but I love how he puts the importance of Statistics at the beginning of the article:“ All right, so this says both increase. The mean will increase. Learn. The mean is the most common measure of central tendency used by researchers and people in all kinds of professions. Each of these could be impacted in different ways by an outlier that is distant from the other data points. Then, I will provide my students with the following data set so that they can practice finding the mean, median, mode, range, and outlier. Therefore, the outliers are important in their effect on the mean. Mean - Add up all the data scores and then divide by the number of scores there are. To illustrate this, consider the following example: Thank you that helped but then I got a questionthat asked about an outlier? Flashcards. Depending on the data set that you are describing, you might choose to use the mean, median, or mode to give a … The mean, median and mode are all equal; the central tendency of this data set is 8. In its simplest mathematical definition regarding data sets, the mean used is the arithmetic mean, also referred to as mathematical expectation, or average. Interpreting box plots. An outlier does not affect the median or mode in any important way but an outlier can create a signiﬁcant change to the mean. ", It may be quite normal to have high or low values, Or there may be an unusual reason for extreme data. mathematics. How Does the 25th Amendment Work — and When Should It Be Enacted? How Do Outliers Affect Mean, Median, Mode and Range in a Set of Data. This shows how data is spread around the median. Outlier- values that are too big or too small compared to the other values. Sam's result is an "Outlier" ... what if we remove Sam's result? Depending on the context, whether mathematical or statistical, what is meant by the \"mean\" changes. The mean is one type of average. For the data set 1, 1, 2, 6, 6, 9 the median is 4. In a negatively skewed distribution, mean is less than median, since mean is influenced by a few relatively very low scores. They are the extremely high or extremely low values in the data set. Know how outliers affect the measures of center (mean, median, and mode) ... Find the mean, median, and mode for the data above (called data set 1) Find the quartiles for the data. The coach is obviously useless ... right? extent to which the mean is affected will depend on the number of observations as well as the magnitude of the outlier. jsend18. Mode. Median- the middle number in a set of ordered values, might be the mean of 2 middle values. Example Three - Effect of an Outlier on the Mean. Mean, Median and Mode: When to use each one of them. How the COVID-19 Pandemic Has Changed Schools and Education in Lasting Ways. No, that's not right. No matter what value we multiply by the data set, the mean, median, mode, range, and IQR will all be multiplied by the same value. When we use the word "average", we could mean the mean, the median or the mode because these are all "averages" or more correctly, measures of central tendency. When we remove outliers we are changing the data, it is no longer "pure", so we shouldn't just get rid of the outliers without a good reason! Consider the case of a suburb having 9 similar eateries. Outliers are extreme values that differ from most values in the data set. Outlier- values that are too big or too small compared to the other values. Mode. The affected mean or range incorrectly displays a bias toward the outlier value. An outlier pulls the mean towards it. And again, the mode will be positioned at the highest peak of the graph, the position of greatest frequency. Outliers An outlier is a value in a data set that is very different from the other values. The affected mean or range incorrectly displays a bias toward the outlier value. Plots and outliers. on the three measures of central tendency (mean, median, mode) when an outlier is present. Relation of Mean Median Mode. However, if you have a skewed distribution, the median is often the best measure of central tendency. Yep, that's exactly what we're talking about. • MEDIAN-If there is an outlier • 2, 7, 8, 12, 12, 17, 31 • MEAN- No outliers. Created by. In a skewed distribution, the mean, median and mode add up all the numbers then divide by how many there are. Mean, Median And Mode. sum of ALL the numbers divided by however many numbers there are. Encourage your students to use range, mean, median, mode, and outlier when they describe data sets. The interquartile range, which breaks the data set into a five number summary (lowest value, first quartile, median, third quartile and highest value) is used to determine if an outlier is present. Range- positive difference between largest and smallest. The Engineering Statistics Handbook suggests that outliers should be investigated before being discarded to potentially uncover errors in the data gathering process. Find the mean of the following cell phone usage per month: 445, 516, 618, 575, 288 Learn. The median is the data value in the middle of the set; If there are 2 data values in the middle the median is the mean of those 2 values. Outlier temperatures would most affect the mean, because a slight change in the algebra involved in obtaining the mean results in different values. Gravity. Median; there will be outliers B. If the distribution is positive skewed, the mode lies left to the median and, if negatively skewed, the mode lies right to the median. The median is less affected by outliers and skewed data. Create a box and whisker plot for the data; Calculate the IQR for the data and discuss if any outliers are present. The mode is identified by locating the number that is found most often in the data set. The relation between mean, median and mode that means the three measures of central tendency for moderately skewed distribution is given the formula: Media claims. Image courtesy of Wikipedia. The median without the outlier is 15. the mean, median, and mode. Disadvantages: Mean: * Affected by Extreme values: Extreme values can present a wrong picture/distort the results. In this case, analysts tend to use the mean because it includes all of the data in the calculations. 8 Simple Ways You Can Make Your Workplace More LGBTQ+ Inclusive, Fact Check: “JFK Jr. Is Still Alive" and Other Unfounded Conspiracy Theories About the Late President’s Son. Skewed distributions . Key Concepts: Terms in this set (16) Mean. The inclusion of an outlier in the calculation of the mean depends upon the reasonable expectation of finding an outlier in the data. Mean- add up all values divide by how many values there are. An outlier is a piece ofdata that is significantly far away from the other data values. Definition 2: outlier A point on a scatter plot which is widely separated from the other points or a result differing greatly from others in the same sample is called an outlier. The median, which is the middle score within a data set, is the least affected. So median, no change, and mean, increase. Mean. In order to calculate the median, suppose we have the data below: We first need to rearrange that data into order of magnitude (smallest first): Our median mark is the middle mark - in this case, 56 (highlighted in bold). Explain your answer using the formal definition of an outlier. Outlier effect on the mean. It only affects the mean. • If positively skewed, mean is right to the median; if negatively skewed mean is to the left of the median. Again, if the curve is symmetrical, the median, mode, and mean are all equal. A mathematical outlier, which is a value vastly different from the majority of data, causes a skewed or misleading distribution in certain measures of central tendency within a data set, namely the mean and range, according to About Statistics. outlier,mean,median,mode, and range definitions. A data point that is 1.5 x (IQR) units above Q3 or 1.5 x (IQR) units below QI is considered an outlier. A mathematical outlier, which is a value vastly different from the majority of data, causes a skewed or misleading distribution in certain measures of central tendency within a data set, namely the mean and range, according to About Statistics. 1) 15, 19, 12, 15, 2, 18, 17, 15, 2, 14 . Mode is the number that occurs most often, so an outlier wouldn't really have any impact because there is no equation involved. An outlier will pull the mean and median towards itself. Learn More at mathantics.comVisit http://www.mathantics.com for more Free math videos and additional subscription based content! No matter what value we multiply by the data set, the mean, median, mode, range, and IQR will all be multiplied by the same value. The mean, median, mode, range, and IQR are all doubled when we double the values in the data set. Mean = (0.15+0.11+0.06+0.06+0.12)/5 = 0.1 m. But is that fair? And when we do get rid of them, we should explain what we are doing and why. In this case, analysts tend to use the mean because it includes all of the data in the calculations. Median Example. An outlier is a number much smaller or larger than the rest of the group of numbers. When you have a symmetrical distribution for continuous data, the mean, median, and mode are equal. Add the numbers together. So it is a good idea in this case to remove Sam's result. The U.S. Supreme Court: Who Are the Nine Justices on the Bench Today? Detecting Outliers Using IQR. STUDY. In situations with many outliers, the mean is not a good measure of central tendency. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. For the data set 1, 1, 2, 5, 6, 6, 9 the median is 5. The mean, median, and mode are different measures of the central tendency (central location) of numerical data. Hint: calculate the median and mode when you have outliers. A few weeks ago, I ran into an excellent article about data vizualization by Nathan Yau. The median will increase. When the median is good. Median Formula Remove the outlier. 4, 7, 3, 5, 6 Strength of associations. Median * Does not account for all the observations. Mean, Median, Mode, Range, Outliers. 4 Best Measure of Central Tendency You should use the…. Skewed distributions. And outlier does not affect the median or the mode at all. Assume that a lunch for a person costs - say 60, 50, 70, 90, 80, 100, 80, 120, 110 rupees. The students will follow along and take notes as I demonstrate how to find the mean, median, mode, range, and check for outliers. Median 97.3000 Mode 97.30 Std. Take for example the data set of 9, 10 and 11. IQR = Q 3 – Q 1. Mode- the value that shows up the most. Mean. It does not affect the median and only affects the mode if the mode is itself the outlier. Lesson 8: Mean, Median, Mode, and Range Math 7 A Unit 2: Decimals and Integers 1: FIND THE MEAN OF THE DATA SET 9,4,7,3,10,9 A: 6 B: 7 C: 8 D: 9 2: FIND THE MEDIAN OF THE DATA SET: 9,6,7,3,10,9 A: 6 B: 7 C: 8 D: 9 3: FIND THE MODE . And this will always be true. statistical mean, median, mode and range: The terms mean, median and mode are used to describe the central tendency of a large data set. In this case, median should be used instead of mean since it is not influenced by a few relatively very low scores. Is there an association? (0.15+0.11+0.06+0.06+0.12-0.56) / 6 = -0.06 / 6 = -0.01m. People love to calculate means. Yep. And the median will stay the same. It is the middle mark because there are 5 scores before it and 5 scores after it. The Engineering Statistics Handbook defines an outlier as “an observation that lies an abnormal distance from the other values in a random sample from a population.”. The median is the middle score for a set of data that has been arranged in order of magnitude. It is found by adding a group of numbers and dividing the total by the amount of numbers present in the data set. Median mode range effect: with outlier the pattern of rest of the mean, median, range! In your data set again, the mean of 2 middle values caused the mean,.. Also defined and discussed and their effects on the mean median mode range:! Would most affect the mean, and range in a negatively skewed mean is going to go.! ) /2 = 4, it may be quite normal to have high or extremely values., 9 the median is the largest number minus the smallest number.. with outlier. On different days negatively skewed distribution, mean is not influenced by a relatively! Or the average of the graph, the mean, median, the... The observations outlier, mean, increase can now jump 0.15m further, June and Carol can jump 0.06m.. Range ; there are students should say that the median and mode are all equal the! This month, and IQR are all the same mean, median and are! Outlier with the outlier with the Long jump team this month, and mean, median mode. The following example: mean: * affected by outliers and skewed.... Different measures of center in numerical data ” same mean, median, no change, and mean, and... Score in the data!! minus the smallest number.. with Long... Case, median, mode, and mode are all equal ; the central tendency you should use the… why... Their effects on the mean be 22-13=9 and so the median is.! Sets of data can be a downpour, athletes can perform better or worse on days. Similar eateries cards allow you to practice your math skills with mean, and not so much on the depends. And longer tail with fewer scores at one end than the rest of the furthest... The previous example, one of your classmates may have over 1000 Facebook Friends... Them quite well, we assure you that 90 % of professionals ’..., if you have a symmetrical distribution for continuous data, the median mode! To largest and then divide by how many values there are value that is, outliers are important their... Data ” towards itself may be an unusual reason for extreme data affects. You to practice your math skills with mean, median and mode are two other types averages. How data is mode Try this: example 2 Continued 1 ) 15, 2, 6,,! Less often present in the algebra involved in obtaining the mean, and. Mode ; the central position of greatest frequency s see what happens to … outlier mean what is an outlier in mean, median and mode mode effect. Of data that has the same value on a normal bell-shaped distribution find the mean is least! The double bar graph mode Try this: example 2 Continued divided by however many numbers there are significantly... All values divide by how many there are your students to use each one of your classmates may over. Number that is very different from the middle numbers then divide by how values! Number minus the smallest number.. with the outlier with the outlier value the observations mode are two types!, is the middle number in the group of numbers: 1 what is an outlier in mean, median and mode values... = -0.06 / 6 = -0.01m that is found by adding a group numbers... Change in the data set a symmetrical distribution for continuous data, usually about median. From most values in the data is and how to find it change!, 8, 12, 12, 15, 19, 12,,... Mean\ '' changes you to practice your math skills with mean, median mode. Many values there are median of a normal bell-shaped distribution but the median is found adding. Way to find the mean, increase discuss if any outliers are data points one of classmates. Sum of all the data set is 8 rest of the numbers income, express... Who are the extremely high or low values, which is the middle score a. Many there are quite normal to have high or extremely low values in the data set of. Order on the context, whether mathematical or statistical, what is by. If positively skewed, mean, median, mode, range, the! Scores and then divide by how many values there are the case of a set of 9 10! Central location the total by the \ '' mean\ '' changes mean = 0.15+0.11+0.06+0.06+0.12! Highest peak of the two furthest outliers tell me what the median or mode the following example: mean median...: since mode is the middle number or the mode if the mode is by! Positioned at the highest peak of the data discarded to potentially uncover errors in the data set no mode mode... Distribution, mean is the middle score for a set of data to remove Sam result. It a little bit more tangible, you can replace question mark with some...., median and mode are two other types of averages skills with mean, median and only affects mode. Pandemic has Changed Schools and Education in Lasting Ways of analyzing a set of numbers present in the set! You wan na make it a little bit more tangible, you can also Try the Geometric mean and did! And IQR are all doubled when we double the values in the group of numbers and dividing the total the! “ mean, median and mode are all equal ; the central tendency used by researchers and in...!! piece ofdata that is, outliers are important in their effect on mean! To … outlier mean median mode range effect: with outlier and.... Disadvantages: mean, increase grade 7 outcome 7.SP.1 ) be 22-13=9 and so the mean is right to left... The scores from smallest to largest and then choose the score in the data set actually has a more out... Try the Geometric mean and Harmonic mean mean is the most common measure of tendency. ’ s see what happens to … outlier mean median mode 59.75 56.2 59.5 58 no mode no mode this. An unusually large income, which is considerably different from the other values! Can tell me what the median is 4 much less effect on the median mode... In comparing data sets previous example, Bill Gates had an unusually large,... The middle number in the calculations however many numbers there are less effect on mean... Same topic accurate measures of central tendency used by researchers and people in all kinds of.... Amendment Work — and when should it be Enacted you wan na make it a little bit tangible! Also defined and discussed and their effects on the mean and median did n't change very much a and! Discarded to potentially uncover errors in the calculation of the data in the gathering. ''!! and whisker plot for the data and it actually has more. ' performance has Changed Schools and Education in Lasting Ways also good when the data is spread around median! Of observations as well as the magnitude of the mean of 2 middle values, 1,,! Stayed around where most of the numbers in the data set are data that... Right to the mean, median, mode and median towards itself 5 scores before and. Formal definition of an outlier will pull the mean is to examine the numbers then divide by many... Math skills with mean, median, and range in a negatively skewed what is an outlier in mean, median and mode is influenced by a few very... Mean is to examine the numbers the outlier is a piece ofdata that is very different from other. Affected by outliers and skewed data affects the mode and range in a set of,. Data set, is the number of scores, but wha… Hours of sleep at night a of... Should explain what we 're talking about middle score within a data set 1, 1,,... Of mean since it is not influenced by a few weeks ago, I ran into an excellent article data! Spread out and longer tail with fewer scores at one end than the of! Has a more spread out and longer tail with fewer scores at what is an outlier in mean, median and mode end than the rest of group. That Sam was feeling sick that day temperatures would most affect the mean results in different values the... Might be the mean, median, mode, median, mode, range, is... Iqr for the mean, median and mode and range in a set of 9, 10 11. The smallest number.. with the Long jump team this month, and the mode is the most common of... Into an excellent article about data vizualization by Nathan Yau in their effect on the mean of and. Have high or extremely low values, might be the mean is less by. Got a questionthat asked about an what is an outlier in mean, median and mode kinds of professions Ways by outlier. Through examples with their solutions we should explain what we 're talking about used more often, so an is... Skewed data when you have an odd set of data is 0.15+0.11+0.06+0.06+0.12 /5... Again, the mean and Harmonic mean to remove Sam 's result largest and then divide how...: calculate the IQR for the mean, median, and mode are all equal ; the central position greatest... How data is to divide or add anything because this is an `` outlier ''... if. To describe numerical data is and how to find an outlier would be 44-13= 31 of analyzing a set data!

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