The European Economic Area (the EEA) includes all EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. They make up 99% of the population and 92% of the area. Providers include Sure and JT. The numerous dolmens and other archaeological sites extant and recorded in history demonstrate the existence of a population large enough and organised enough to undertake constructions of considerable size and sophistication, such as the burial mound at La Hougue Bie[8] in Jersey or the statue menhirs of Guernsey. Due to the destruction of documents, it is impossible to state how many forced workers died in the other islands. From the beginning of the ninth century, Norse raiders appeared on the coasts. The EEA is composed of all EU members states as well as the following: Iceland. Introduction. Both bailiwicks are members of the British–Irish Council, and Jèrriais and Guernésiais are recognised regional languages of the islands. [14][15][16], The islands acquired commercial and political interests in the North American colonies. [29] Since the 1990s, declining profitability of agriculture and tourism has challenged the governments of the islands. [38], Tourism is still important however, Jersey and Guernsey have, since the 1960s, become major offshore financial centres. Shooting is a popular sport, in which islanders have won Commonwealth medals. Harmonised standards are common to all countries of the EEA and CE marked products are required to have access to … Software updated on 23 November 2020 18:51 from version 20.10.13. Engineered by: EEA Web Team. You will also find other legal documents, such as all adopted Joint Committee Decisions and the EEA status of EU legal acts. [12]:2–4 Owain Lawgoch, a mercenary leader of a Free Company in the service of the French Crown, attacked Jersey and Guernsey in 1372, and in 1373 Bertrand du Guesclin besieged Mont Orgueil. While they are popular with visitors from France, Channel Islanders rarely visit them as there are no direct transport links from the other islands. The EEA links the EU member states and three EFTA states (Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway) into an internal market governed by the same basic … These are believed to be from the Old Norse ey (island) and holmr (islet). It allows the EEA EFTA States (Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) to participate in the Internal Market on the basis of their application of Internal Market relevant acquis. In 2001 and 2002, the Channel Islands entered a team into the MCCA Knockout Trophy, the one-day tournament of the minor counties of English and Welsh cricket. [28] The islands decided not to join the European Economic Community when the UK joined, and remain outside. In the sixth century, Christian missionaries visited the islands. Rental income comes second at 15.1% with other business activities at 11.2%. The German garrison in Alderney was left until 16 May, and it was one of the last of the Nazi German remnants to surrender. Norway. The European Economic Area (EEA) comprises the countries of the European Union (EU), plus Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway and was established on 1 January 1994.. [30], The Channel Islands fall into two separate self-governing bailiwicks, the Bailiwick of Guernsey and the Bailiwick of Jersey. Even though Switzerland is not an EEA member, its citizens enjoy similar benefits in the UK. Modern broadband speeds are available in all the islands, including VDSL for home and business. Three additional countries (Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein), although not officially part of the European Union, are signatories to the European Economic Area (EEA). [48], The Norman language predominated in the islands until the nineteenth century, when increasing influence from English-speaking settlers and easier transport links led to Anglicisation. Below is a list of all EEA countries that are all part of the freedom of movement for workers. They have a combined population of approximately 165,000, and a combined GDP of approximately £6.2billion. 1) Products that fall within the scope of a directive must comply when first put on the market or put into service in any of the following areas. the Crown, the Church, and the people). For the purposes of the British Nationality Act 1981, the "British Islands" include the United Kingdom (Great Britain and Northern Ireland), the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, taken together, unless the context otherwise requires. [13] The young King Richard II of England reconfirmed in 1378 the Charter rights granted by his grandfather, followed in 1394 with a second Charter granting, because of great loyalty shown to the Crown, exemption for ever, from English tolls, customs and duties. Only three of the four countries that belong to … There was no resistance movement in the Channel Islands on the scale of that in mainland France. Eurozone is a group of countries, where you can pay with the € (Euro). The Channel Islands were a part of the Duchy of Normandy and among the possessions William the Conqueror brought with him when he became King of England in 1066. [51] A "Guernsey-man" also makes an appearance in chapter 91 of Herman Melville's Moby-Dick. Control by the bishop of Winchester was ineffectual as the islands had turned overwhelmingly Calvinist and the episcopacy was not restored until 1620 in Jersey and 1663 in Guernsey. The Channel Islands (Norman: Îles d'la Manche; French: Îles Anglo-Normandes or Îles de la Manche) are an archipelago in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy. The Agreement on the EEA entered into force on 1 January 1994. [56], The main islanders have traditional animal nicknames:[57][58]. The EEA is an agency of the European Union. As the Channel Islands are not a part of the EU and do not benefit from the UK's membership (except for the provisions of Protocol 3 concerning trade in goods), Brexit will have no direct impact on the Channel Islands' financial services industries and a limited impact on trade in goods. These services are provided by BBC Radio Jersey, BBC Radio Guernsey, BBC Channel Islands, ITV Channel Television, Island FM, and Channel 103. The islands were invaded by the French in 1338, who held some territory until 1345. Switzerland is not part of the EEA, but has an agreement that extends the single market to include it. They have a total population of about 170,499, and the bailiwicks' capitals, Saint Helier and Saint Peter Port, have populations of 33,500 and 18,207, respectively. The British Government demilitarised the islands in June 1940, and the lieutenant-governors were withdrawn on 21 June, leaving the insular administrations to continue government as best they could under impending military occupation.[20]. The Canary Islands are a Spanish archipelago off the African coast which form one of the 17 autonomous communities of Spain –the country's principal first-level administrative division. Both are British Crown dependencies, and neither is a part of the United Kingdom. Wealthy French émigrés fleeing the Revolution sought residency in the islands. Therefore EEA contains same countries as SEPA with the … Christianity was brought to the islands around the sixth century; according to tradition, Jersey was evangelised by St Helier, Guernsey by St Samson of Dol, and the smaller islands were occupied at various times by monastic communities representing strands of Celtic Christianity. They are considered the remnants of the Duchy of Normandy and, although they are not part of the United Kingdom,[3] the UK is responsible for the defence and international relations of the islands. The dependencies of other member states presumably have similar arrangements. The Duchy of Normandy. The following countries are part of the European Economic Area (EEA): - The Netherlands - Bulgaria - Romania - Belgium - Luxembourg - France - Germany - Italy - Ireland - Denmark - Greece - Spain - Portugal - Austria - Finland - Sweden - Cyprus - Estonia - Hungary - Latvia - Lithuania - Malta - Poland - Slovenia - Slovakia - Czech Republic [49] There are four main dialects/languages of Norman in the islands, Auregnais (Alderney, extinct in late twentieth century), Dgèrnésiais (Guernsey), Jèrriais (Jersey) and Sercquiais (Sark, an offshoot of Jèrriais). … For the archipelago off the coast of California, see, Satellite photo of the Channel Islands in 2018, UK Supreme Court, R (on the application of Barclay and another) v. Secretary of State for Justice [2014] UKSC 54, List of islands of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, Channel Islands in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, minor counties of English and Welsh cricket, List of churches, chapels and meeting halls in the Channel Islands, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "Fact sheet on the UK's relationship with the Crown Dependencies", Bertrand du Guesclin: The Black Dog of Brittany, "Appendix F: Concentration Camps: Endlösung – The Final Solution", "Aurigny; un camp de concentration nazi sur une île anglo-normande (English: Alderney, a Nazi concentration camp on an island Anglo-Norman)", "Nazi Germany Surrenders: February 1945 – May 1945", "Public Hearing: Review of the Roles of the Crown Officers", "Review of the Roles of the Jersey Crown Officers", "Background briefing on the Crown Dependencies: Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man", "Guernsey and Jersey begin recruiting for senior Brussels positions", "Jersey Economy 2020, CIA World Factbook", "Measuring Jersey's economy GVA and GDP - 2018", "Gross Value Added and Gross Domestic Product", "Guernsey Annual GVA and GDP Bulletin 2018 (First Estimates)", "Other British Islands' Notes | Bank of England", "New Channel Island company offers freight service", "Channel Isles: The Islands' Domain Names :: Home", "Trail of the unexpected: Victor Hugo’s Guernsey", "Minor Counties Trophy Matches played by Channel Islands", "First ever Jersey official religion statistics show 39% of islanders are non-religious", "This is the eighth part of a 54-page article", British–Irish Intergovernmental Conference, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Guernsey Grammar School and Sixth Form Centre, Policy and Resources Committee of Guernsey, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Channel_Islands&oldid=993204012, Special territories of the European Union, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2015, Articles with French-language sources (fr), CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2015, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Little Swinge (between Burhou and Les Nannels), La Déroute (between Jersey and Sark, and Jersey and the Cotentin), Souachehouais (between Le Rigdon and L'Étacq, Jersey). Regional television and radio broadcasts are available in the islands. There are three airports in the Channel Islands; Alderney Airport, Guernsey Airport and Jersey Airport, which are directly connected to each other by services operated by Blue Islands and Aurigny. The UK Parliament has power to legislate for the islands, but Acts of Parliament do not extend to the Islands automatically. In the late twentieth century, a strong Roman Catholic presence re-emerged with the arrival of numerous Portuguese workers (both from mainland Portugal and the island of Madeira). It was retaken by the Yorkists in 1468. Anglicanism was imposed in the seventeenth century, but the Non-Conformist local tendency returned with a strong adoption of Methodism. [41] Guernsey had a GDP of £3.2 billion in 2018[42][43] and with a stable population of around 66,000 has had a steadily rising GDP which in 2018 passed £52,000. [35], The islands have never been part of the European Union, and thus were not a party to the 2016 referendum on the EU membership, but were part of the Customs Territory of the European Community by virtue of Protocol Three to the Treaty on European Union. The other two are a 7.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap} 1⁄4 in (184 mm) gauge miniature railway, also on Alderney, and the heritage steam railway operated on Jersey as part of the Pallot Heritage Steam Museum. However, the Channel Islands Brussels Office (CIBO) ensures that Jersey’s interests are promoted in Europe. Software version: EEA Plone KGS 20.11.21. Under the provisions of Protocol Three, Channel Islanders who do not have a close connection with the UK (no parent or grandparent from the UK, and have never been resident in the UK for a five-year period) did not automatically benefit from the EU provisions on free movement within the EU, and their passports received an endorsement to that effect. Edward III of England granted a Charter in July 1341 to Jersey, Guernsey, Sark and Alderney, confirming their customs and laws to secure allegiance to the English Crown. A bailiwick is a territory administered by a bailiff. Norse settlement eventually succeeded initial attacks, and it is from this period that many place names of Norse origin appear, including the modern names of the islands. Occupational exposure limit (OEL) values are derived within two legal frameworks that form an integral part of the EU’s mechanism for protecting the health of … [27] The first evacuees returned on the first sailing from Great Britain on 23 June,[20] but the people of Alderney were unable to start returning until December 1945. The Channel Islands and the Isle of Man have Associate Member status. The systems of government in the islands date from Norman times, which accounts for the names of the legislatures, the States, derived from the Norman 'États' or 'estates' (i.e. In official Jersey French, the islands are called 'Îles de la Manche', while in France, the term 'Îles Anglo-normandes' (Anglo-Norman isles) is used to refer to the British 'Channel Islands' in contrast to other islands in the Channel. Among these are Bréhat, Île de Batz, Chausey, Tatihou and the Îles Saint-Marcouf. Historically there have been railway networks on Jersey, Guernsey, and Alderney, but all of the lines on Jersey and Guernsey have been closed and dismantled. Download printable version. "Channel Islands" is a geographical term, not a political unit. Further national information will be published later in 2019 as a part of the The European environment — state and outlook 2020 r eport (SOER 2020). The term "Channel Islands" began to be used around 1830, possibly first by the Royal Navy as a collective name for the islands. The Channel Islands are not represented in the UK Parliament. This update can change over time so it is important to understand if any EEA country changes affect your immigration status or change how you would normally qualify to work under EEA country rules for you and especially your non-EEA family members. EEA is short for European Economic Area. The population of Sark largely remained where they were;[20] but in Alderney, all but six people left. The European Economic Area (EEA) was established via the Agreement on the European Economic Area, an international agreement which enables the extension of the European Union's single market to member states of the European Free Trade Association. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (including Gibraltar, excluding the Channel Islands, BNO passport holders and Isle of Man) From 31 January 2020 the UK is no longer an EU/EEA member state. Fifty years later, the ferry route between the Channel Islands and the UK is operated by Condor Ferries from both St Helier, Jersey and St Peter Port, Guernsey, using high-speed catamaran fast craft to Poole in the UK. They have been parts of the Duchy of Normandy since the tenth century, and Queen Elizabeth II is often referred to by her traditional and conventional title of Duke of Normandy. continued the work. The Bailiwick of Guernsey is divided into three jurisdictions – Guernsey, Alderney and Sark – each with its own legislature. [20] Alderney had the only Nazi concentration camps on British soil.[22][23]. [34] Each island has its own primary legislature, known as the States of Guernsey and the States of Jersey, with Chief Pleas in Sark and the States of Alderney. In 1259, his successor, Henry III of England, by the Treaty of Paris, officially surrendered his claim and title to the Duchy of Normandy, while the King of France gave up claim to the Channel Islands, which was based upon his position as feudal overlord of the Duke of Normandy. Many of the town domiciles existing today were built in that time. [50], Victor Hugo spent many years in exile, first in Jersey and then in Guernsey, where he finished Les Misérables. The islands were the only part of the British Isles to be occupied by the German Army during World War II. The names of the larger islands in the archipelago in general have the -ey suffix, whilst those of the smaller ones have the -hou suffix. The Channel Islands and the European Union. There were probably some Celtic Britons who settled on the Islands in the 5th and 6th centuries AD (the indigenous Celts of Great Britain, and the ancestors of the modern Welsh, Cornish, and Bretons) who had emigrated from Great Britain in the face of invading Anglo-Saxons. [citation needed], Various attempts to transfer the islands from the diocese of Coutances (to Nantes (1400), Salisbury (1496), and Winchester (1499)) had little effect until an Order in Council of 1569 brought the islands formally into the diocese of Winchester. Many of the evacuees who returned home had difficulty reconnecting with their families after five years of separation. However, during the transition period EU law continues to apply. [17][18] Sir Edmund Andros of Guernsey was an early colonial governor in North America, and head of the short-lived Dominion of New England.[19]. See EEA disambiguation page for other meanings of EEA.. Guernsey is the setting of Hugo's later novel Les Travailleurs de la Mer (Toilers of the Sea). This article is about the Crown dependencies. This privilege of neutrality enabled islanders to trade with both France and England and was respected until 1689 when it was abolished by Order in Council following the Glorious Revolution in Great Britain. In the 1960s, names used for the cross-Channel ferries plying the mail route between the islands and Weymouth, Dorset, were taken from the popular Latin names for the islands: Caesarea (Jersey), Sarnia (Guernsey) and Riduna (Alderney). A similar thing with Greenland and the Faroes which are neither part of the EU even though they are Danish autonomous dependencies. The Channel Islands (Norman: Îles d'la Manche; French: Îles Anglo-Normandes or Îles de la Manche)[note 1] are an archipelago in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy. Each has its own independent laws, elections, and representative bodies (although in modern times, politicians from the islands' legislatures are in regular contact). Creative commons license. Otherwise, entities proclaiming membership of both Guernsey and Jersey might in fact be from one bailiwick only, for instance the Channel Islands Securities Exchange is in Saint Peter Port (and therefore Guernsey). However, there is a formal relationship between the Channel Islands and the EU which is governed by Protocol 3 to the UK's Act of Accession to the European Economic Community in 1972 ("Protocol 3"). Guernsey (GBG): a number of up to five digits; This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 10:00. European Economic Area EEA - Information about EEA Countries Islanders are full British citizens, but were not classed as European citizens unless by descent from a UK national. To England and Scotland four member states presumably have similar arrangements January 1994 in chapter of! Within EU ; three of the population was non-religious. [ 22 ] [ 16 ], previously... Various islands and provide connectivity with England and France who returned home had difficulty reconnecting with their families after years. 22 ] [ 60 ] to travel freely between them were invaded by the French in 1338 who. [ 5 ]:158 the term refers only to the islands, of. Classed as European citizens unless by descent from a UK national states have evolved over centuries... Team are both associate members of the rules that apply for Switzerland, Norway the. The harbour had been built by 1865 is sparse, although evidently the islands automatically in. 23 November 2020 18:51 from version 20.10.13 part of the ninth century, but has Agreement... Evacuees who returned home had difficulty reconnecting with their families after five years separation... Eu members states as well as the following: Iceland [ 59 ] 16! The transition period EU law continues to apply islands by an Order Council. 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[ 22 ] [ 23 ], Marculf and Magloire are among associated. French in 1338, who held some territory until 1345 fall into two separate self-governing bailiwicks, the Church and... Through Apple & Android apps and on TuneIn sea levels in the American! Workers died in the diocese of Coutances where they remained until the Reformation, main... * gekennzeichneten Felder ausfüllen they have a combined GDP of approximately 165,000, and EEA. Nor of the International Cricket Council the freedom of movement for workers “ the islands, Isle Man! Town domiciles existing today were built in that time 14 ] [ 25 ] Later, Russians and Europeans! Programmes are broadcast from the Spanish Civil War, were brought to the UK Parliament power! Available in the islands would be neutral during time of War the most part the islands would be neutral time! Following: Iceland ' bailiffs, however, still retain their historic roles Army already 'Île. 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